Category Archives : Uncategorized


The Planning Grid: Creating a Framework for Design

The Planning Grid: Creating a Framework for Design   A Planning Grid is an overlay of lines usually represented by a ‘long dash-dot-long dash-dot’ (they need not necessarily be horizontal and vertical, but often are) and is a design tool used by us architects to create some kind of order on what is otherwise a […]

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Lean Design in Healthcare / Healthcare Facility Planning

Lean Design in Healthcare / Healthcare Facility Planning Husaini Sadikot Lean production can be described as a group of highly efficient manufacturing techniques developed (mainly by large Japanese companies like Toyota) in the 1980s and early 1990s. Lean production was seen as the third step in a historical progression, which took industry from the age […]


Intensive Care Units

Introduction Many people – caregivers, architectural and design professionals, and patients, regard intensive care (critical care) units as the heart of the hospital. Here a seriously ill patient can expect the maximum of care: the very best the hospital has to offer in terms of personnel and technology. Intensive Care Units (ICUs) are specialty nursing […]

Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children / Galveston Burns Institute, Galveston, Texas